论诗五首·其五 赵翼

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所属分类:诗词大全

明清诗歌-赵翼《论诗五首·其五》原文:

诗解穷人我未空,想因诗尚不曾工。

熊鱼自笑贪心甚,既要工诗又怕穷。

赵翼《论诗五首·其五》赏析:

赵翼论诗主张求新,他说“意未经人说过则新,书未经人用过则新,诗家之新正以此耳。”但赵翼的问题在于他既想追求诗歌的艺术成就,又不能离开现实生活的束缚,熊掌和鱼想兼得,那应该是贪心在甚了吧。然而此意放在此处讲,应该是指诗歌创作之艰辛与不易。若真正能创作出传世不朽之作,非拼出性命而不能为也。赵翼论诗主张“独创”,反对摹拟,认为“大凡才人必创前所未有而后可以传也”。

杜甫云“文章憎命达”,欧阳修云“诗穷而后工”。人活得太滋润太得意是作不出好诗的,比如乾隆皇帝,御制诗数万首之多,超过最多产的陆游了,哪曾有一首被人传诵?可以想见诗的质量多么低下,读起来的都是味同嚼蜡。

论诗赵翼其五英文版:

The best of poetry comes from the destitute, but my pocket is not yet empty;

I gather, it’s all because I haven’t perfected my skill as a poet.

Having fish to eat or bear’s paw? * I admit, I’m greedy for both:

I yearn for skill in poetry, yet how I dread being poor!

*Alluding to a famous parable in the Meng-tzu, in which Mencius points out that when two delicacies, fish and bears’ paw, are placed before a person and he can only have one of the two to eat he has to make a difficult choice.

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