关于蜜蜂的英文文章:How do honeybees make honey?蜜蜂是如何酿蜜的?(双语阅读)

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关于蜜蜂的英文文章:How do honeybees make honey?蜜蜂是如何酿蜜的?(双语阅读)

甜甜的蜂蜜大家都爱喝。蜂蜜不仅可以给人体补充多种营养成分,还有排毒养颜的功效。蜂蜜有这么多的好处,那它究竟是怎么酿出来的呢?看了下面这篇文章,你就能对蜜蜂的工作了解一二了。

蜜蜂通过参观一朵花并采集一些花蜜来开始制作蜂蜜。许多植物使用花蜜作为鼓励昆虫(蜜蜂,黄蜂,蝴蝶等)停留在花朵上的一种方式。在采集花蜜的过程中,昆虫将花粉从一朵花转移到另一朵花并为植物授粉。

A honeybee starts the honey making process by visiting a flower and gathering somenectar. Many plants use nectar as a way of encouraging insects (bees, wasps, butterflies, etc.) to stop at their flowers. In the process of gathering nectar, the insect transferspollengrains from one flower to another and pollinates the plants.

大多数花的花蜜类似于与蔗糖混合的水。花蜜也可含有其他有益物质。

Most flowers' nectars are similar to the water mixed withsucrose. Nectars can contain other beneficial substances as well.

蜜蜂产生的酶将蔗糖转化为葡萄糖和果糖。酶转化酶将大部分蔗糖转化为两种六碳糖,即葡萄糖和果糖。少量葡萄糖被第二种酶攻击并转化为葡萄糖酸和过氧化氢。葡萄糖酸使蜂蜜成为具有低pH值的酸性介质,不适合细菌,霉菌和真菌存活,而过氧化氢可在蜂蜜成熟或稀释时对这些相同的生物体提供短程保护。幼虫食物。蜜蜂也会降低花蜜的水分含量,从而使其具有较高的渗透压和对微生物的保护作用。

Enzymesthat bees produce turn the sucrose intoglucoseandfructose. An enzyme, invertase, converts most of the sucrose into two kinds of six-carbon sugars, glucose and fructose. A small amount of the glucose is attacked by a second enzyme and converted intogluconic acidandhydrogen peroxide. The gluconic acid makes honey an acid medium with a low ph that is inhospitable to bacteria, molds, andfungiwhile the hydrogen peroxide gives short-range protection against these same organisms when the honey is ripening or is diluted forlarvalfood. Honey bees also reduce the moisture content of nectar, which gives it a highosmotic pressureand protection againstmicrobes.

大部分水分必须蒸发,蜂蜜中只剩下约18%的水分。物理变化涉及去除水,这是通过蜜蜂在外部操纵花蜜在嘴中然后在细胞的上侧放置小液滴并扇动翅膀以增加空气流动并带走多余水分来实现的。

Most of the moisture has to beevaporated, leaving only about 18-percent water in the honey. The physical change involves the removal of water, which is accomplished by bees externally manipulating nectar in their mouths and then placing small droplets on the upper side of cells and fanning their wings to increase air movement and carry away excess moisture.

因此,蜂蜜被制成非常稳定的食物。它天然抵抗霉菌,真菌和其他细菌,使其可以持续数年而不需要冷藏!

Thus honey is made to be a very stable food. It naturally resists molds, fungi and other bacteria, allowing it to last for years without refrigeration!

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