柯林斯词典2018年年度词汇出炉(双语阅读)

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所属分类:英语学习 资讯

双语新闻:柯林斯词典2018年年度词汇出炉(中英双语对照带翻译)

Widespread concern about environmental degradation caused by discarded plastics has led Britain's Collins Dictionary to name "single-use" as its English-language word of the year for 2018.

废弃塑料导致的环境退化引发了广泛担忧,这促使英国柯林斯词典将“single-use(一次性的)”评为其2018年年度英语词汇。

It beats "MeToo" and "whitewash" to take first place in the top 10 list released last Wednesday.

在上周三公布的前10名单中,single-use击败MeToo(“我也是”运动)和whitewash(洗白,即由白人演员饰演少数族裔角色)夺魁。

Collins said each nominated word "reflects an ever-evolving culture and the preoccupations of those who use it".

柯林斯称,每个候选词汇都“反映了不断发展的文化及其使用者关注的事物”。

Collins said "single-use", which describes one-use-only items "whose unchecked proliferation are blamed for damaging the environment and affecting the food chain", has undergone a fourfold increase in usage since 2013.

柯林斯表示,single-use是描述一次性用品的词汇,自2013年以来其使用频率提高了4倍。一次性用品的肆意泛滥被认为是破坏环境、影响食物链的原因。

"Vegan", a word describing people who avoid animal products, and "plogging", a fitness craze born in Scandinavia that combines jogging with picking up litter, were other environment-related words to make the list.

进入候选名单的环境相关词汇还有vegan(素食主义者,不食用动物制品的人)和plogging(发源于斯堪的纳维亚的边慢跑边捡垃圾的健身热)。

Helen Newstead, Collins' head of language content, said: "This has been a year where awareness and often anger over a variety of issues has led to the rise of new words and the revitalization and adaptation of old ones."

柯林斯的语言内容负责人海伦·纽斯特德称:“今年,公众对种种问题的的认知、通常是愤怒使新词涌现,也让旧词重新流行、衍生新义。”

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